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What is a Limited Liability Company (LLC)?

What is a Limited Liability Company (LLC)?

Table of content

Limited Liability Companies (LLC) are the preferred business structure for foreign entrepreneurs and investors looking to establish their companies in the United States. These entities offer numerous advantages, including personal asset protection, increased profits, and tax benefits (fewer tax payments).

In this article, we will explain in detail what an LLC is, its characteristics, benefits, and how it can help you expand your business and increase your profits.

What is the Purpose of a Limited Liability Company?

A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a business structure that combines features of corporations and partnerships. This type of entity offers its owners personal liability protection similar to that of a corporation but with the tax and operational flexibility of a partnership.

Characteristics of a Limited Liability Company

LLC have several distinctive features that make them attractive to foreign entrepreneurs and investors:

  • Personal Asset Protection: The owners, known as members, are not personally liable for the company’s debts and obligations. By separating personal assets from those of the company, members’ personal wealth is protected.
  • Tax Flexibility: The tax flexibility allows LLC's to optimize their tax burden.
  • Ease of Formation: Creating an LLC is a safe, quick, straightforward, and direct process in most states.
  • Accessibility for Foreigners: There are no residency or citizenship restrictions for foreigners to be members or operate an LLC in the United States.

When to Form an LLC in the United States

Forming an LLC depends on each business or company, whether you are starting a new venture or looking to change your current business structure. Here’s when it’s appropriate to form an LLC.

Initial Evaluation:

Generally, business growth is considered the main indicator for creating an LLC. However, it’s essential to evaluate all implications, as an LLC offers many benefits but also entails financial, legal, and tax responsibilities that must be taken seriously.

When to Consider Creating an LLC:

Starting a Business

Forming an LLC when starting a business provides a solid structure from the beginning and offers limited liability protection for owners against potential incidents. Having a defined structure from the start can be an excellent credential to the state, investors, banks, and the general public.

If You Seek a Flexible Business Structure

An LLC is the most flexible business structure for owners, allowing customization of business goals and internal rules. This flexibility includes:

  • Favorable tax structure
  • Ease of adding or removing members

Growth and Increased Responsibility

If your business has grown and faces greater risks and responsibilities, forming an LLC can be the solution to protect personal assets and limit business liability. Additionally, if the business is generating significant income, an LLC provides a solid and flexible structure, as well as a favorable tax framework for managing obligations and responsibilities, especially when hiring more employees.

Expansion and Financing Plans

Having a defined business structure, like an LLC, is particularly attractive when planning to expand and seek financing for several reasons:

  • Security: Protection of personal assets and limited liability.
  • Privacy: Lower obligation to disclose members' personal information.
  • Flexibility in Management and Administration: The flexible structure of an LLC facilitates decision-making and business management.
  • Ease of Transfer: It is easier to transfer ownership or business interest.

Tax Benefits of a Limited Liability Company

According to an OECD report, Latin America has a high tax burden compared to other countries like the United States. For example, Colombia has a tax rate of 35%, followed by Mexico at 30%, and Chile at 27%. One of the main reasons for choosing an LLC is the tax flexibility it offers.

Here are some of the tax advantages for businesses in the United States:

  • Income Tax: LLC's can choose how they wish to be taxed, either as a partnership or a corporation, allowing them to select the most advantageous option. LLC's are categorized into two types: Disregarded LLC's and Partnership LLC's. In both cases, the amount to be declared for Income Tax, regulated by the Federal Government, is progressive, ranging from 10% to 37% on the profit. The main difference is that Partnerships are formed by multiple partners, while Disregarded LLC's have a single owner.
  • Avoid Double Taxation: Unlike traditional corporations, LLC's can avoid double taxation, as income can pass directly to the owners.
  • Tax Deductions: LLC's can take advantage of various tax deductions, including operational expenses, salaries, and employee benefits.

Frequently Asked Questions About Limited Liability Companies

  • What is the difference between an LLC and a corporation?
    The choice between an LLC and a Corporation depends on factors such as the need for management flexibility, tax preferences, formality requirements, and the ability to attract investment through issuing shares.
  • Can I manage an LLC from outside the United States?
    Yes, it is possible to manage an LLC from outside the United States. However, you will need a registered agent with a physical address in the state where you register your LLC.
  • Do I need a visa to create an LLC in the United States?
    You do not need a visa to form an LLC. However, if you plan to live and work in the United States, you will need the appropriate visa.

Forming a limited liability company in the United States is an excellent option for foreign entrepreneurs and investors looking to protect their personal assets, take advantage of tax benefits, and expand their businesses.

At Prodezk, we offer personalized service at every stage, ensuring a hassle-free experience and successful registration for your company in the United States.

David Suarez
Gerente de Marketing

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